Download 100 Mistakes that Changed History: Backfires and Blunders by Berkley Trade PDF

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By Berkley Trade

Accrued in a single quantity, listed below are backfires and mistakes that collapsed empires, crashed economies, and changed the process the area. From the Maginot Line to the Cuban Missile hindrance, background is stuffed with undesirable strikes and not-so-bright principles that snowballed into mess ups and accidental outcomes. This engrossing ebook seems at 100 such tipping issues. Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. The Caliphs of Baghdad spend themselves out of business. The Aztecs greet the Conquistadors with open palms. Mexico invitations the americans to Texas-and the americans by no means go away. And the remaining is history...

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Additional info for 100 Mistakes that Changed History: Backfires and Blunders That Collapsed Empires, Crashed Economies, and Altered the Course of Our World

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Hannibal ordered his front line to charge Scipio’s Romans, who, with the threat of elephants gone, had re-formed into a solid front. That first line consisted of mostly Gauls: individually brave but not skilled at fighting in a unit. They smashed into the Romans, and the fighting degenerated into man-to-man combat. They were doing what Hannibal hoped, breaking up the solid Roman front. For some reason Hannibal’s second line, made up of newly trained Carthaginians, failed to advance and take advantage of the Gauls’ attack.

The most experienced Roman soldiers made up the last 51 lines of the attacking column, and they turned about, met the Carthaginian charge, and held it. But to do this they had to stop moving and plant their pikes facing the rear, away from where the Romans were attacking. This brought the entire Roman army to a dead stop, and the operative word there is dead. Packed fifty men deep to ensure they broke the center, this awkward Roman formation, which resembled a phalanx without the spears, meant that most of the Roman soldiers could not fight until the men in front of them had been killed.

Philip himself doubted the child’s lineage when he supposedly spied his wife in the embrace of a serpent, a creature of which Zeus often took the form. Philip had to be sure. He sent an emissary to the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. The oracle answered that Zeus should be revered above all other gods. She also said that Philip would lose the eye through which he saw his wife with the serpent. Two years later, Philip lost his eye. Stories such as these are probably legends created long after Alexander’s death, but they do lend merit to Alexander’s belief that he was the son of Zeus: a seed no doubt planted by his mother, who wanted more than anything to secure her son’s place on the throne.

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