By Ian Ronayne
If the 1st global struggle had now not occurred whilst it did, Channel Islander Clarence Ahier might very likely have led a regularly unremarkable existence. however it did, and in October 1915, elderly simply 23-years-old, Clarence left his domestic and volunteered to affix the British military. He might spend the following and part years serving as an artillery guy at the Western Front.
Now this in itself isn't outstanding - hundreds of thousands of different younger males did an identical factor. yet Clarence Ahier did do whatever outstanding, and it used to be anything to set him out from just about all his contemporaries. From the very starting of his time on the entrance, he wrote a photo and relocating account of his reviews of war.
Clarence’s final plans for his meticulously written magazine are unknown. yet having lain overlooked for years, it was once lately stumbled on in a suite of dusty ephemera passed to a neighborhood heritage society.
The entire magazine includes round 25,000 phrases, with a spotlight on Clarence’s event throughout the conflict of the Somme, within the scuffling with round Ypres, and, after he used to be wounded for the second one time, the adventure to India and his time there as a member of the garrison. it will be supported by means of extra explanatory textual content.
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Additional resources for A Gunner's Great War: An Artilleryman's Experience From The Somme To The Subcontinent
Finally, S1 is an underlying statement of S2 when S2 is laden with S1, but not vice versa. Of course, being an underlying statement of another is an asymmetric relation and it is safe to assume that it is also transitive, although exceptions to such a case are not inconceivable. Conceiving observational laws as well as proper theories as (complex conjunctions of) statements, the relation of being an underlying statement of another leads to interesting cases of observational laws and proper theories underlying other observational laws and proper theories.
The three elements not included in the above diagram would not alter the hierarchical nature of a more reﬁned picture for the two relations involved: ‘to be underlying’ and ‘to be explained by’ remain asymmetric. We are therefore justiﬁed in using the simpliﬁed ﬁgure. The underlying theories in the diagram essentially represent the proper theories and observational laws with which the terms occurring in the explicitly represented observational laws are laden. But in their turn, these proper theories and observational laws explain (other) observational laws, formulated in terms laden with other proper theories and observational laws, of still lower levels.
A proper theory X has been deﬁned as an epistemologically stratiﬁed theory in the sense that it contains terms, and hence statements, that are laden with one or more of its principles: X-theoretical terms. The other terms of X are called X-non-theoretical. In contrast to proper theories, observational hypotheses are deﬁned as improper theories, containing no theoretical terms of their own. A set of connected observational hypotheses is called an observational theory. It should be noted that being X-non-theoretical is a theory-relative, to be precise, an X-relative qualiﬁcation of a term or a statement: they may well be laden with underlying theories.