By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of serious writers? a few may contend that to bowdlerize an outstanding writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, may argue that every one modest humans might be capable of learn a good paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and thanks to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous together with his identify. on the other hand, the observe bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing go well with for women--has been a linguistic secret because 1947 while those matches have been first noticeable at the shores of the French Riviera, a 12 months after the U.S. begun checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few surprised humans acknowledged that the influence of the scanty suit on male seashore loungers used to be just like the devastating influence of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! a less complicated and extra credible proposal is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn by means of girls at the Bikini atoll. Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened that means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a notice derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a renowned diner menu merchandise made out of universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English health professional who promoted a vitamin of flooring pork. A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of 1000s of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an wonderful and anecdotal type, and with a foreword through Edwin Newman, the e-book encompasses a short biography of the person whose identify grew to become linked to an merchandise or notion in addition to info on how and while the identify entered the language.If you have ever questioned simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robotic come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to existence.
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Additional info for A New Dictionary of Eponyms (Oxford Paperback Reference)
Travis in his last gallant hurrah—the Alamo. Bowie has become a legend through Western song and folk tales. The knife that he or his brother Rezin designed continued in demand long after Bowie's death. The famous Sheffield steelworks in England marketed large quantities for use in Texas. BOYCOTT A boycott is a refusal to do business or have other contaets with a person, a corporation, or a country. The word boycott, with a small "b," surfaced in 1880 when Captain Charles Cunningham Boycott (1832-1897), an English land agent for the estates of the Earl of Erne at Connaught in County Mayo, Ireland, evicted poverty-stricken tenant farmers who could not pay their rent.
He abolished capital punishment for petty crimes and was responsible for the enactment of the Catholic Emancipation Bill (1829), which allowed Catholics to sit in Parliament. He lost office in 1849. The following year he was thrown from a horse in a freak accident; he died two days later. BOGUS Be careful of those who think they know the etymology of bogus. The dictionary defines bogus as counterfeit or spurious. No matter how you consider it, that which is bogus is a fake. The prestigious Oxford English Dictionary backs an ex-Vermonter's story of a machine that made counterfeit coins that was clubbed a "bogus" in Ohio in 1827; and then connects it with tantrabogus,a Vermont word for bogeyman.
Some ministers forbade their congregations to wear bloomers in church. 31 One cited Deuteronomy 22:5 to show that women are forbidden to wear men's clothing. " BLUEBEARD The eponym Bluebeard, a noun meaning "a man who successively marries and murders several wives" is the main character in Charles Perrault's story Barbe Bleue, published in Contes du Temps (1697). The adjective bluebeard means "not to enter or be explored," as in the bluebeard room in the house. The character Bluebeard was a murderous tyrant, a habitual wifekiller.