By David R. Morrison
Aid and Ebb Tide: A historical past of CIDA and Canadian improvement Assistance examines Canada’s combined checklist due to the fact that 1950 in shifting over $50 billion in capital and services to constructing international locations via ODA. It focuses particularly at the Canadian foreign improvement organization (CIDA), the association mainly answerable for supplying Canada’s improvement tips. Aid and Ebb Tide demands a renewed and reformed Canadian dedication to improvement co-operation at a time while the space among the world’s richest and poorest has been widening alarmingly and thousands are nonetheless being born into poverty and human lack of confidence.
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Extra info for Aid and Ebb Tide: A History of CIDA and Canadian Development Assistance
Rapid proliferation of assisted countries in the 1960s and early 1970s occurred through a combination of accident and design, the joint product of a growing aid budget and an underlying political calculus—the Commonwealth-plus in Asia, a balance between Commonwealth and francophone states in Africa, and Commonwealth and broader responsibilities within the Western Hemisphere. The use of ODA as a "diplomatic calling-card"42— in small amounts for a large number of countries—was common enough among most donors.
In September 1950, a five-person Technical Cooperation Service (TCS) was set up within the Department of Trade and Commerce, with responsibility for technical assistance under the Colombo Plan and UNEPTA. ) Two months later, a permanent Interdepartmental Group on Technical Assistance (IGTA) was formed to consider future policies and procedures in the light of Canadian resources, and to supervise the work of TCS. A rather unwieldy twenty-five members were drawn from nine departments and agencies under the chair of External Affairs.
The question of what drives multiple expectations and other aspects of ODA policy-making in Canada has been the subject of considerable scholarly debate, chiefly between proponents of two schools of thought—statist and Defining Canadian Development Assistance 25 dominant class. The statist perspective argues that development policy reflects mainly the preferences of political leaders and senior bureaucrats, rather than those of recipient countries or non-state domestic actors such as business and NGOs.