By Morris Halle and Jean-Roger Vergnaud
An Essay on rigidity offers a common concept for the characterization of the tension styles of phrases and words encountered within the languages of the international. the center of the idea is constituted through the formal mechanism for characterizing "action at a distance", that's a different case of the formalism wanted for the development of constituent structure.Morris Halle is Institute Professor at MIT. Jean-Roger Vergnaud is Professor of Linguistics on the college of Maryland and Senior Researcher on the Centre nationwide de los angeles Recherche Scientifique and the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche en Informatique Linguistique in France.
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Extra resources for An Essay on Stress
Units marked with this feature are rendered invisible to rules of metrical constituent construction. However, it has a further property that limits its effectiveness in an interesting way: it does not render invisible just any unit in the sequence, but only one that is terminalinitial or finalat the point in the derivation where Constituent Construction applies. As illustrated in (37), in Warao the last syllable is marked extrametrical; that is, it is enclosed in angled brackets, indicating that it is invisible to the rules of metrical constituent construction.
Locate the heads of line 0 constituents on line 1. We turn now to the stress pattern of Warao (25d), where stress falls on even-numbered syllables counting from the end of the word. The stress pattern of Warao is identical with that of Weri, except that it is "shifted" one syllable to the left. We therefore need a device that will allow us to begin our syllable count, not at the very end of the word, but one syllable in. As it happens, the theoretical machinery of metrical phonology already includes the diacritic feature of extrametricality, which possesses the required properties (Hayes 1982; Harris 1983; Archangeli 1984, 1986).
62) (63) a. 'you are ill' 'you pull taut' b. 'you promise' 'flat bug' 'you dress, prepare' 'you don't dress' < previous page page_31 next page > < previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 'the fact that you do not dress' 'spherical bug' As illustrated in (64), there is a fundamental difference between the examples in (63a) and those in (63b). In the forms in (63a) none of the epenthetic vowels is stressed and the vowels stressed by the regular rule of Constituent Construction remain unaffected by epenthesis (see (64a)).