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By O. F. Robinson

The inhabitants of historical Rome at its height was once great. to maintain the population fed, supplied with water, drainage and leisure; to allow the folk to maneuver approximately in concord with their buddies, required a close, pragmatic and plausible method of administrative legislation. This e-book describes the criminal framework on which the management of historic Rome as a urban depended.

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61 Cf. SHA Max. et Balb. 1. 62 But note Dunn (1914–15). 3, Paul 5 sent: neque muri neque portae habitari sine permissu principis propter fortuita incendia possunt. 1. 19—‘ex veteris tegulis’. BUILDING CONTROLS 39 It may also be relevant that the sources in the Principate permitting demolition refer to an insula, while three of those forbidding it speak of a domus72 (or villa); the others use the neutral aedes. It was the pulling down of handsome edifices that the government had become concerned with; domus were not likely to suffer ruina unless from earthquake or fire, whereas water could undermine the many storeys of an insula, or cost-cutting in its building could readily lead to collapse.

The term urbs sacra for Rome became current under Hadrian and official from the time of Septimius Severus; this nomenclature, by using the word ‘sacred’ with its imperial associations, reinforced the connection between the City and the emperor. Another relevant factor is the extent to which central government must always have power to intervene in local government, on questions of policy if not matters of detail; long-term planning is perhaps the most political aspect of local government. But certainly it is possible to distinguish the emperors’ plans for the urbs from those for the orbis.

See Palma (1988):196–8. 25, Paul 78 ad ed, citing Trebatius. 11, Ulpian 1 de off. consulis. 11–12, Ulpian 68 ad ed. 47 Cf. MacMullen (1976). 49 In the context, Ulpian’s vagueness seems reasonable: And Sextius Pedius neatly defined three reasons for a notification of new work: from nature, from public interest, and from imposition. 50 There was hardly any administrative law in the strict sense during the Principate; in the classical period administrative remedies had a tendency to function within the framework of the private law,51 just as in the Dominate the scope of private law was restricted by the growth of administrative law.

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