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By Sophocles

Love and loyalty, hatred and revenge, worry, deprivation, and political ambition: those are the explanations which thrust the characters portrayed in those 3 Sophoclean masterpieces directly to their collision path with catastrophe.

Recognized in his personal day as might be the best of the Greek tragedians, Sophocles' attractiveness has remained undimmed for 2 and a part thousand years. His maximum innovation within the tragic medium used to be his improvement of a relevant tragic determine, confronted with a attempt of will and personality, risking obloquy and dying instead of compromise his or her ideas: it's notable that Antigone and Electra either have a girl as their intransigent 'hero'. Antigone dies quite forget her accountability to her kinfolk, Oedipus' decision to avoid wasting his urban ends up in the terrible discovery that he has dedicated either incest and parricide, and Electra's unremitting anger at her mom and her lover retains her in servitude and despair.

These shiny translations mix beauty and modernity, and are outstanding for his or her lucidity and accuracy. Their sonorous diction, economic climate, and sensitivity to the numerous metres and modes of the unique musical supply lead them to both appropriate for studying or theatrical peformance.

Readership: scholars of all university degrees in drama, classics, comparative literature, theatre stories. A-level `Classical Civilization' scholars.

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Additional info for Antigone, Oedipus the King, Electra (Oxford World's Classics)

Sample text

They also claim protection from Zeus Hikesios on the basis of their kinship with him as descendants of his son Epaphos (531-37; cf. "Zeus Forefather" [yevvTiToop]: 206). In Euripides' Suppliants, the Argive women supplicate Theseus on the basis of kinship, since they, like him, belong to the race of Pelasgos (263-64). In addition, Theseus's own mother, Aithra, joins the women as suppliant (32-33, 93), and it is to her personal appeal as their representative that Theseus responds (359-64). In Euripides' Children of Herakles, the children supplicate their kin Demophon (207-13, 224, 240).

Harm within reciprocal relationships occurs in an additional twenty-nine plays, bringing the total to 103, or 74 percent of the total. 4. Xenia and Suppliancy in Tragedy A closer look at some plays in which pathe occur among xenoi and suppliants will help to justify their inclusion within the same category as tragedies in which harm to blood kin occurs. In tragedy, to a much greater extent than in epic, harm to suppliants and xenoi is represented as similar to harm to blood kin. Tragic hiketai typically supplicate people who are in fact kin, however distant, and they typically flee violence threatened by their own kin.

She takes an appropriately reciprocal revenge on Polymestor by pretending to receive him as a xenos. She lures him to her tent and appears to treat him as a friend (d>s S-f) irapa $i\i$: 1152). Instead of wine, however, Hekabe offers Polymestor blood, killing his sons and blinding him. 5 3 Zeus gave Helen to Proteus, king of Egypt, to keep her safe for her husband while he was away at Troy fighting to regain the phantom Helen (44-48,909-11,964). This xenia relationship between Helen and Proteus has been inherited by Proteus's son Theoklymenos, who, however, attempts to violate it by forcing Helen to marry him.

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